This UK Census collection gives details on the records of all those enumerated in the 1861 Census of England and Wales. The United Kingdom Census of 1861 recorded the people residing in every household on the night of 7 April 1861, and was the third of the UK censuses to include details of household members. The 1861 format of the census was identical to the previous 1851 census, despite pressures for 'religious affiliation' questions to be included.

TheGenealogist provides fully transcribed records and links to the actual images of the 1861 Census, reproduced by courtesy of The National Archives, London, England.

The 1861 Census for England was taken on the night of Sunday 7 April 1861. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 7 April 1861 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night.

Information in the 1861 Census records:

  • Name of road or street and house number or name
  • Whether house or property inhabited or uninhabited
  • Name and surname of each person in the property
  • Their relationship to head of the household
  • Their marital status if applicable
  • The person’s Age at last birthday (and their gender indicated by column in which age is recorded)
  • Person’s rank, profession or occupation
  • Where they were born
  • Whether blind, deaf, or dumb

Case Study: Florence Nightingale 1861 Census Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale, born in 1820 was a celebrated British social reformer and statistician, and one of the founders of modern nursing. She came to prominence while serving as a nurse during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was known as "The Lady with the Lamp" after her habit of making rounds at night. On the 1861 Census, we find Florence Nightingale living in lodgings with a couple of servants in Westminster, London.

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